from gigantic diamond mines you can see from space to drilling to the center of the earth here are seven of the biggest holes ever made by humans [Music] number seven Diavik diamond mine this diamond mine located in Canada's remote Northwest Territories is actually a pretty recent hole work only began on this thing in 2003 and it is one of the world's pre-eminent sources of gem diamonds since mining operations began it has produced over 100 million carats of diamonds here's the catch though you can't drive there or take a train or a boat you have to fly into the mine to get there and once you are there your way of getting around is pretty restricted there is a road in the area that connects the mine to a building and it's just wide enough for a truck and even then if the weather gets bad the road is toast the only solution are ice roads for about two months a year that lead from the massive hole to the diavik Airport and just the slightest change in weather can leave the miners stranded in the summer the mine is on an island in a lake but then later the mine is surrounded by endless white desert all mining takes place underground and it gets over 3,000 pounds of diamonds out of the earth every year it is expected to close in 2024 number six the Berkeley pit located in Montana this copper mine is now filled with heavily acidic water opened in 1955 this mine was used to get copper out of the earth ironically it closed on Earth Day in 1982 in the 80s the Berkeley pit was 1,700 feet deep and 900 feet wide approximately 320 million tons of ore and over 700 million tons of waste rock were mined from the pit the pit had a good turnout before being shut down after that things took a turn for the worst with nothing stopping the water from getting into the pit the hole is now a huge lake well that's not bad per se when you mix water with man-made chemicals and toxic waste from the former mine you get water that's highly acidic which is pretty terrible for the environment very bad in fact in the 90s a flock of snow geese decided to go into the pit to cool down all 342 of them were killed by the water now you can go to pay to seek toxic water for $2 the pit is now half a mile wide and one thousand seven hundred and eighty feet deep if you were to drink from the water you would be swallowing copper iron arsenic cadmium zinc and sulfuric acid and you would probably die the pit is actually rising and could contaminate the water for more than 30,000 people and now for number five but first can you guess what the largest man-made hole in the world is let us know in the comments below the answer is coming up and if you are new here be sure to subscribe before you leave we have lots of new videos coming up number five the myrrh mine this is a diamond mine and one of the largest excavations in history this mine in Russia is the second largest man-made hole in the world located outside of Mirnyi a small town in eastern Siberia this place is one thousand seven hundred and twenty-two feet deep and 3,900 feet across the mine itself was built by the leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin in 1955 explosives were used to get through the permafrost and during its peak years of operation the mine produced over 10 million carats of diamonds annually today the mine is off-limits to bystanders open-pit mining has stopped and officially they are not mining for diamonds anymore but there is still underground mining going on makes you wonder what they're up to huh mysteries aside the Mirnyi mine has been surrounded by urban legends one story claims that if a helicopter gets too close to the mine the airflow from the hole will actually suck them into the ground and make them crash in any case airspace above the mine is off-limits number four the IceCube neutrino observatory there are many different ways to make holes in the earth as you know or will soon learn but for the University of Wisconsin they wanted to do a study of the earth from a different perspective they decided to go to Antarctica and drill a massive hole into the very ice caps of the earth to see what's down there thus the IceCube neutrino Observatory was made that might sound weird but it's actually a viable practice after all the ice of the world's polar caps hide secrets and mysteries of the world that we can barely fathom from remains of ancient creatures to act viruses and diseases that were frozen in time there's a lot to discover the IceCube neutrino Observatory is the first detector of its kind and it covers a cubic kilometer of ice the Ice Cube searches for massless subatomic particles called neutrinos there are about 300 physicists from 12 different countries working on the program now as for how they made this hole in the Antarctic they went there during the summer season of course and use a hot water hose to melt the ice itself and dig its way down it's not the easiest way to make a hole but given their location it might be the most clever it took them seven years but now the hole is about eight thousand feet deep that's one and a half miles give or take oh and did I mention that they did this multiple times they now have several holes in the Antarctic and as for what they do now that they have them they've put optic cables in them so that they can see and give information to the people at the amundsen-scott South Pole Station there are actually 86 separate optic cables that give all kinds of information number three the Kimberly diamond mine also known as the big hole the Kimberly diamond mine in South Africa is home to the world's largest diamond mine it's so large it is visible from space and has produced some of the world's largest diamonds this mine actually used to be a hill and then 50,000 workers came in with their pickaxes and started to dig and they went deeper and deeper and now the mine looks as you see it now this mine started in 1866 but excavation stopped in 1914 all a manpower and by the time it was done the mine was 705 feet deep and over 1500 feet wide hence the name big hole and it's not hard to see why estimates say that over 6,000 pounds of diamonds were excavated from the mine the mine is a popular tourist destination and you can now visit the town and see how the poor workers and the De Beers family lived as well as see the machinery and hollowed out Bibles miners used to use to smuggle out diamonds number two the Bingham County mine also known as the Kennecott Copper Mine in Utah this mine definitely takes the cake this copper mine has been in use for over a century and it's still open to this day it's the biggest copper mine in the world and provides about 25% of the nation's copper needs for those of you who guessed this mine is about two and a half miles wide and about three quarters of a mile deep at last count and it's likely much bigger than that that's why some people consider it the largest excavation in the world and again it's over 100 years old mining began there in 1906 and you can bet that no one digging there at the time thought that this would become what it is today on a visual note it's just stunning you can see the steps in the earth as the miner is dug deeper and deeper although part of it was destroyed by a landslide it is still being mined the mine is a popular tourist destination although currently the visitor center is closed so be sure to check before you take the trip out there there was some movement in the earth so they need to relocate it and they are working on a way to create an interactive experience for new visitors number one the Kola super-deep borehole have you ever wondered what's at the center of the earth fact is no one really knows which is why the Kola super-deep borehole is so important well the Bingham County mine may be the largest man-made hole in the world the Kola super-deep borehole is the deepest hole in the world when you look at the entrance to the Kola super-deep borehole you might not be that impressed after all it's only 9 inches wide but like the saying goes you can't judge a book by its cover and in this case the cover of this borehole hides a seven and a half mile hole that was dug in the 1970s so why was this hole even made well it was a time of political turmoil and while this space race was capturing the eyes of the world as we tried to set foot on the moon another race was going on between the United States and the Soviet Union mainly they wanted to see who could drill the deepest into the earth it may have started out petty but it became a race that would help us understand more of what's inside of our planet the u.s. did their drilling off the coast of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean whereas the Soviet Union decided to dig in the Kola Peninsula ironically the US side of the race had to stop in 1966 the reason lack of funding the Soviets kept going though and going and going and going until they reached seven and a half miles beneath the Earth's crust that's forty thousand two hundred and thirty feet for the record that's deeper than the deepest ocean on the planet to be fair this took a long time the Soviet drilling started in 1970 and only stopped 24 years later in 1994 why because the extreme heat kept destroying the equipment drillers reached 356 degrees Fahrenheit while they had estimated it would be 212 degrees at that heat the environment is practically liquid and they couldn't maintain the hole all the drill bits melted and the rock layer didn't act as scientists had expected that being said the samples that were found because of the drilling are invaluable and have not only changed what scientists know about the Earth's core but also saves macaque tivity and mapping you can still see the borehole if you go to Russia however since 2008 it's been sealed shut so you won't get to peek at the inside now many international teams and oil and gas companies are also drilling deep the chikyuu a Japanese drill ship claims the record for the deepest offshore hole drilled for scientific purposes they are now at about 10,000 feet or two miles below the seafloor now known as the integrated ocean drilling program they are hoping to break all previous records and are expecting to spend around 1 billion dollars thanks for watching remember to subscribe before you leave
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Check out the biggest holes ever made by humans! This top 10 list of largest and deepest man made holes has some of the craziest holes you'll ever see!
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7. Diavik Diamond Mine
This diamond mine, located in Canada’s remote Northwest Territories is actually a pretty recent hole! Work only began on this thing in 2003, and it is one of the world’s preeminent sources of gem diamonds. Since mining operations began, it has produced over 100 million carats of diamonds!!
6. Berkeley Pit
Located in Butte, Montana, this copper mine is now filled with heavily acidic water. Opened in 1955, this mine was used to get copper out of the Earth. Ironically it closed on Earth day in 1982. In the 80’s Berkeley Pit was 1700 feet deep and 900 feet wide. Approximately 320 million tons of ore and over 700 million tons of waste rock were mined from the pit.
5. Mir Mine
This is a diamond mine, and one of the largest excavations in history. This mine in Russia is the 2nd largest man made hole in the world. Located in outside of Mirny, a small town in Eastern Siberia, this place is 1,722 feet (525 meters) deep, and 3,900 feet (1.25 kilometers) across.
4. IceCube Neutrino Observatory
There are many different ways to make holes in the Earth as you know, or will soon learn. But for the University of Wisconsin, they wanted to do a study of the Earth from a different perspective. They decided to go to Antarctica and drill a massive hole into the very ice caps of the Earth to see what's down there. Thus, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory was made.
3. Kimberley Diamond Mine
Also known as the Big Hole, the Kimberly diamond mine in South Africa, is home to the world’s largest diamond mine! It is so large it is visible by space and has produced some of the world’s largest diamonds.
2. Bingham County Mine
Also known as the Kennecott Copper Mine in Utah, this mine definitely takes the cake. This copper mine has been in use for over a century, and it's still open to this day. It's the biggest copper mine in the world and provides about 25% of the country’s copper needs.
1. Kola Superdeep Borehole
Have you ever wondered what's at the center of the Earth? Fact is, no one really knows which is why the Kola Superdeep Borehole is so important. While the Bingham County Mine may be the largest manmade hole in the world, the Kola Superdeep Borehole is the deepest hole in the world!
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