What Could Happen in a World That's 4 Degrees Warmer | WIRED Brand Lab


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on Saturdays I like to keep it pretty low-key a cup of coffee Oh baby exercise and then maybe really stretch myself in hi I'm Aparna global warming climate change that one polar bear floating on an ice cap we've all heard and seen these things but how will they affect us directly I do know that most of the scientific community agrees that the earth is honored to Jack turi to warm up anywhere between two and four degrees Celsius in the next 70 years but what will living in a world that is 4 degrees Celsius hotter actually mean for us will it be Spring Break forever hashtag Yolo hashtag best life I'm not even prepared for that but to truly answer this question I brought together a team of experts that will help us see what it will be like to live in a world that is 4 degrees celcius hotter and as Fung is a researcher studying the effects of climate change and Janet George's chief data officer at Western Digital so what is a four sea world I feel like a lot of people would hear that will be four degrees hotter and they'll be like that's not that much harder well when we think about a few degrees it's globally average during the Ice Age it was only for C coder okay as sea level was dramatically lower so how is data changing the game for climate science we have tremendous data in our hands we have deep insights from this data we are able to analyze its scale that we've never been able to do before we were able to build machine learning models that tell us predictive analytics around what we can see that impacts climate change a lot of irreversible changes are going to happen to to the world heat waves will be very long and together with the heat waves we have very long droughts and then when it rains the rain is going to be more intense it may be different durations and then what we also see is sea level rise there will be tremendous inundation for the coastal region you know this is why that's why I don't care about climate change action it's a lot of talking and not a lot of what's in it for me mass extinction yeah so I'm gonna be honest you said a lot of important stuff but it's all pretty terrible sounding and at some points I had to tune out just to stay positive you need to talk to people in a way that they can really you know they can be like well what would be different for me like you got to hit him where it hurts maybe if you were like I'm gonna put you in a foresee world and take away your weekend and experiment yeah an experiment like do an experiment okay well I like your positive attitude I think if we showed me going through my Saturday and everything's the same except it's a four SeaWorld now that I would watch ready when you are hmm nothing better than waking up to a room full of strangers don't talk to Janet and an S through there somebody's talking to me hey good morning congratulations you don't live near the coast and your home is still here no I've always said that nature is smarter than we are in a forsee world there will be surprises and there will be surprises that we really cannot anticipate [Music]

no don't go under the bed don't wonder this it's not appropriate I just met you please stop I actually feel for her hello Jenny yes cockroaches wait what does that have to do with the four sea world in fact behavior is keenly sensitive to temperature fluctuations data has also shown a strong correlation between rising temperatures dna-based substitution and DNA replication why are you telling me this are you trying to help it doesn't seem like you're helping it's over the rising temperatures and as these genetics become diverse and what we are going to see is new behaviors and new adaptations emerging from these insects that we didn't actually predict or know about please stay down there the whole food chain the whole biological system is changing in a way that we cannot predict because we have no data for that future system get these guys birds which species will thrive I cannot really tell you but given the long history of cockroaches I think that they would do well I don't trust you okay thank you for your time please never come back don't mind if I do even though I'm fairly certainly this is a trap she's addicted to coffee and I think she has to realize that in a 4c world coffee is going to be very precious what could go wrong wake up that's really rude and nasty why why did you do that we have heard some people say that all climate change we can just move the coffee uphill where it is cooler it's not that easy data measurement and analysis capabilities have improved we are gaining a much deeper understanding of what the issues are the mechanisms that we can incorporate into the models we face the danger of the native Arabica plant going extinct and those diversity banks are very key for studying long-term sustainability to cultivate new crop thank you this makes up for earlier why we're really racing against the clock and there could be a lot of trial and error while we're experimenting and figuring out where to go and where to plot here's the good news data is actually helping us solve the problem for example the inter-american Development Bank released the genome of Arabica coffee plant in 2014 to the public domain now with crowdsourcing you have this concept of distributed brain and so you know scientists all over the world that has any knowledge or has data around coffee can now input this into the system this actually helps us to understand how coffee plants like Arabica can survive in warmer temperatures [Music] Oh exercise haven't done this in a while you know what it's a beautiful day and what is the worst thing you guys can do to me out here Touche I stand corrected without fitted you with enough insulation to bring your body temperature up so that you can feel what it is like in the 40 environment I think you feel very cocooned co2 is trapping the heat that otherwise would have escaped to space so the earth can't breathe cannot ventilate so it is like the earth is heating up and we say here's another layer of blanket put on another sweater Appanna how are you feeling no I don't like that we want to make sure that we simulate difficult breathing conditions for her in a 4c world in a 4c world wildfires could last a lot longer in California alone we've seen it affect the air quality not just for a single day but we've seen the toxic air quality continue and be prolonged for weeks climate change is not just about temperature change climate changes the whole slew of things happening all together for example warmer air can hold more water vapor then cooler air when it rains it's going to be more intense and in places that precipitation may be declining there may be flash floods because we can have intense downpours oh there's going to be a whole host of outcomes and because the world is totally interconnected we cannot be business as usual oh it's so nice are you kidding me in the Farsi world there'll be severe water shortages and there's no such thing as long showers you really hate you guys

is it time for a drink no no this is the restaurant that simulates a 4c world and we've set you up on a blind date but you guys haven't even let me shower today don't worry this a new face deodorant I'm putting it on my face

[Music] well here's her blind date to my big girl in oh oh oh this is nice who knows if restaurants of the future will have oxygen bars but wouldn't that be fun

all-around awkward sure why not it's very hot in here they're wider does anyone work here well nobody can afford the rent now so I don't know who will be able to afford the rent when there's less land we thought for the land in San Francisco we're going to shrink about 20 square miles now we can measure the distance of the ground very accurately with lidar and with radar flying on satellites and on aircraft now we know that the land can shrink to 50 square miles do you work here as much fun as we're having with Aparna here this is a really serious issue that's going to affect the world's poor when climate change happens when sea level rises they have nowhere to go is this person not a real human is that the twist he's not a robot he's real you were definitely a robot why are we standing here let's go sit down oh I'm so hungry I just want some sustenance anything 76 percent of the world's population depend on rice wheat barley and potatoes for their protein hey what can I get you oh thank goodness um two burgers and three glasses of water and whatever he would like data from experiments have shown that plants grown in a higher co2 world will have less protein I am so excited for this food so with decreased protein content of these crops we're gonna have a protein deficiency crisis what what is this the way you have here is a burger made out of crickets topped with some toasted super worms as creepy as it is in a 4c world eating insects may be the practical thing to our protein problems especially since animal husbandry is going to be very expensive and unpredictable I mean there's good texture so how did it go oh I'm swiping left I think I'm swiping left on the whole day you know what happened in there is based on our model projections and the models aren't perfect we really have no clue how citizens and governments will respond to the climate change so we cannot wallow in our in our sense of hopelessness no action is very dangerous you know I think there's progress the UK has actually done some pretty good work they have been able to reduce carbon emission doubles to pre-industrial revolution levels so I think that's massive progress how do you think data has helped to overcome some climate hurdles you know if you think about data data was simply just information and we didn't have the ability to collect very large amounts of it Meishan today we can not only collect very large amounts of information we can stitch all this information together to create knowledge and thus insight so I think data is definitely a big piece of the puzzle but along with that is what we do with the data it was fascinating to see how scientists are able to use data to make well-founded predictions about what might happen when we're living in a 4c world even small changes in complex ecosystems could potentially lead to some pretty wild outcomes but I am signing off with a degree of hope find out more about how data is helping the world take climate action that data makes possible calm now if you'll excuse me I need to go talk to my therapist about cockroaches

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Produced by WIRED Brand Lab for Western Digital. Comedian Aparna Nancherla explores how global warming and climate change will directly affect our lives 100 years from now when the average global temperature is projected to increase by 4 degrees Celsius, or 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Nancherla met with Professor of Atmospheric Science at UC Berkeley, Inez Fung, and Chief Data Officer at Western Digital, Janet George to to make predictions about how we’ll live in a 4C World. Learn more: http://www.datamakespossible.com/DataImpact

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