Easy Layered Rock Face Terrain

by: TheTerrainTutor

Download this transcript


hey guys smell the trade you two back in the studio and back with a technical tutorial yes we are in the Hills rocks and cliffs playlists and we're working on a new sort of mounting technique it's not really a new technique it's been around for ages but it's new to the channel and I thought I'd show it you now we're gonna be covered stratified rock now this is the rock with layers okay quite common you see in sandstone any areas such as you know the American West in a certain place in Africa and in the Far East okay and it's where you know you get rosin due to like water winds sand and you get the layered effect on the rocks but it's also quite common in glacial rocks which are quite common in Northern Europe and we've got some rocks like that quite close to us so this is the technique I'm going to be going now I'm gonna be going for the Glacial ones which have more of a slant to them so with that in mind shall we crack on right let's crack on so with this technique our main building material is going to be HD foam and this is perfect for all your HD foam scraps because it's because you need lots of little layers it's a bit wasteful for your big sheets unless you plan on doing a lot of them and you get the sheets specifically but if you build up a lot of scrap much like me and I do yeah save it and then when you've got enough this is the perfect technique for it now I'm starting off with an e PVC base okay i expanded PVC foam board leaves the description down below I've cut out the shape I want yeah and then all I've done is I've bailed it with a knife and then just sign it it down okay and that's gonna be our base now when you're building this as you can see this isn't a full circle it's a half circle it's a table edge of piece so it's designed to go up against the edge of a table now when it comes to building that's the first thing that I want to do is put the back on you don't need a back on these if they're going on the table edge you can just clean and with a knife and fill gaps and stuff like that I'm a bit picky and I like a nice clean shaped back for it so for that what God is I've got a piece of blue foam that's slightly bigger and slightly taller than where I want it to be I don't intend to cut it back okay so my next job is I need to fix this on now you can use PVA when building these pieces yeah PVA and pins works perfectly fine for speed I've got the old hot glue because it's just gonna allow me to get these pieces down and quicker this technique it's about layering lots of little different bits so we need to crack on yeah and also it dries instantly so I'm not feeling about I don't need to worry about moving bits as I mess around with other bits well first this bit now what I'm going to do is I'm going to hot glue it on to there and then I'm just going to use this tiny little corner yeah I'm gonna glue it into there just to hold it up straight okay so let me get that done and I'll be back once it is

and so that's the back glued on and as you can see nice stable very quickly just run a blade just catch any little X the glue blocks that sort of smear squid out I just clean those up with a knife yeah and so we've got it back it's lined up it's time to actually start doing our rock faces now for this we use in all our bits of scrap I've got a few here we're going to be building it up as I said we're going to be doing it in sort of a slanted layer so rather than doing a simple way of building up in layers like we would with like Sun stone erosion yeah we're going to be doing more glacial so we're gonna try and angle it now I know in the comments I'm going to get loads of people who know more about this sort of stuff than me correcting me please do I'm always up for learning guys so if I get anything wrong we're on well off get it in the comments let me know and point me in the direction of good resources for learning new things because I'm always up for learning much like you guys anyway right let's crack on so got me hot glue I've got the bits and because I want it sloped I'm going to start with I'm gonna start on one end build it up and layer it down this way yeah I've got all my scraps and all going to do is very quickly I'm gonna put some hot glue down yeah and I've broken this bit I'm just gonna squidge this in I'm gonna put it there yeah and I will give me a first step next one yeah come along yeah I'm gonna get something like this one you can tell I've already pre snap these to sort of show you the layers and we've got it to about there now as I'm doing this things I'm conscious off is I need to maintain this space around here yeah that's my beveled edge for my come follow Jan yeah my flock and that sauce dose don't take it all the way up to the right edge much like with any other help okay and I'm what I'm gonna do is I've got this bit I'm gonna snap back there's Matt Matt there say yeah that will go there quite well yeah so I'm just gonna run some glue between the two of these now a lot of people say well why are you using hot glue when it melts polystyrene yeah and yes it does melt polystyrene but generally it'll melt it a little bit ill still stick which is what you're after so it's not really a problem okay so we go along another bit here yeah let's see if we can fit that in somehow that's a bit sharp so you can break these you can cut them with a knife a lot of people like cutting them with a knife I'm more of a snapper to be truthful yeah so move that one to there a bit more hot glue on that I've melted through now struggle a little bit with the hot glue because it's getting a bit too hot now if you get your hot glue a bit too hot and it's melted three of Palestine it's dead simple to saw what you can unplug it let it cool down a bit so the glue gets a little bit cooler it gets very hot the longer it's been plugged in so giving it a break makes it a little bit more work the other thing is don't put large blobs of glue down spread it out yeah that cools quicker so it won't melt the polystyrene is quick and on top of that blow on it so yeah if I do this one very quickly yeah now help stop it melting and then I can come in and I can put that somewhere like there bring it up to that edge there yeah and that will stick yeah it's just about managing that hot glue temperature if it gets too hot you'll tell because it'll just melt straight through your polystyrene so with that and that's slight adjustment there yeah that's crack on so once again two breaking bits and I'm just looking at where I can layer these bits to make my piece come together now don't worry about it being a little bit fiddly quite often as you build it up you'll have lots of little gaps and that sort of thing if I bring it up to the close camp you can sort of see them there okay don't worry about it yeah we're going to fill this with filler when it's all saw in anyway now the other thing you can notice if I bring it back to the close camp is I'm starting to get my layers in my slanted layers yeah first ones we sort of stepped off in height because we needed to build that sort of build the sub structure for the layers now we've done that now we're working on actually building the layers in okay and as you can see the first one's going in all along there yeah into there and I will keep building this up and building layers on yeah so with that in mind Mel's got hot glue gun time to get cracked on now a quick tip as you're going watch later as you can see I've completed my first layer okay you sort of see it building up there now the important thing to remember is don't just glue the pieces on top of each other yeah make sure you put some glue down the side and against the edges so it is actually fixed against this back piece oh why you'll end up with your Hill building up so to speak and then you know this bit wobbling at the back and you don't want that so as you can see yeah my layer is coming together nicely I'm gonna take this up probably about another each which will give me an inch inch and a half off here and probably about two inches two and a half inches on this side yeah so yeah that was your tip crack it on

another quick tip for you is obviously as you build up your layers okay we've got a gap forming in the back here and this can lead sort of wobbly notes and stuff like that and problems when you're putting everything together so what you can't do is if you've got some off cuts that just don't really fit anywhere yeah you can just drop these in yeah and these will work as basically space fillers so one there yeah put another one there right in yeah and then put another one there remember as you're doing your space fillers if they go up against the back make sure it's put some hot glue on that so they can actually fix it and support against the back so that's the feeling you'll have lots of little bits left over as you can see yeah and so just fill these gaps with those then you'll be able to stack your pieces quite well right better get it cracked on with some more layers and another quick tip for you guys if actually putting it together you get this situation where you get a large overhang yeah can you see that it should be able to see that yeah there you go that large overhang there don't worry about it okay all you got to do because it's thin foam is comment and just break it off yeah another quick tip for you is as you put your hot glue on so let's say I want to put this one there yeah put your hot glue down yeah just like that and when you come to apply it put the edge down first and then squeeze down yeah so edge down first and squeeze down towards the back and what you're doing in this situation is that wet hot glue you forcing it along the back if you put it down straight it'll squid out like a sandwich but you squish down and it'll come out out the front and you'll end up with hot glue blobs out of the front if you look at mine there's no hot glue blobs out the front and that's because I'm putting them down on the edge and I'm flattening them back down okay and that's giving me basically it's squeezing the glue out the back yeah and give me a nice clear layer frontage so crack it on now the next tip for you is feel free to sort of alternate your watch call it your material thickness okay right now I'm just using watch within five mil sheet so I've got 10 mils so what I'm doing is I'm coming in with my 10 mil yeah I'm doing a thicker layer the layers on stratified stuff wouldn't be uniform they do change and that sort of stuff yeah and so that's why I'm using a thicker layer like this okay to sort of break it up a bit if you know what I mean so that one's gonna come in but I'll go there yeah once again I've got a bit of a blob there clean that off thanks silly Billy yeah and drop this one in here is that so I'd like to say that extra thickness layer will really help sort of break up and make it a little bit more believable I mean what you can do if you're totally hardcore yeah another blob get rid of that yeah is you can actually come along with a blade and shape these down the little soaps for example if I come along like this yeah I've got this long straight along here yeah if I come along with my blade and because it's hot it's gonna get fiddly and messy if I come on like that and I slope that there yeah I can bring another slope in straight across the top of that which is what I'm gonna do yeah so cracking on time now at the stage where it's time to start leveling things off so if we look at my piece yeah I've got about just over an inch there I've got some nice layers going all the way up and around to about two and a half inches there which is what I wanted at the start but obviously if we got load of gaps there now filled my supports up so they're roughly the right level but we need to put a topper on it and for that I've got a piece of scrap foam and all I'm gonna do is I'm gonna put this on top of there yeah like that so it go with a lot I'm going to turn it on its side yeah so I can see the rough shape and then with my little wooden pencil yeah I'm just gonna go around it yeah and by doing that what I end up with is the outline of the hill next up just dead central with a blade I'll use it later it's because we'll be trimming it down afterwards yeah and I'm not following it precisely because we don't want it to be perfect yeah cut that out gives us that okay and if we come along to our Hill here we go remember the tree yeah I'll sit on there beautifully it's almost like I've done this before isn't it so my next job is I need to run some hot glue along here and along this edge so I can fix it today okay once that is fixed down what I'll be doing is I'll just be getting a few other random pieces and just adding them onto the top so we haven't got like a really flat top we've actually got more undulate right yeah so cracking on time

you now we've reached the stage where our topper is on and we've done our sort of top collection of bricks I've just added a few extra in just Eagle V piggledy just to break it up a bit so it's a bit more interesting when we paint it I didn't want a completely flat top yeah I wanted places where models could stand okay but obviously if you look at it yeah we've still got this bit which is a bit of an issue not really yeah what we're gonna do is we're going to turn it like that we're gonna use our blade okay and what we're gonna do is just come along I'm gonna start on this side yeah I'm just gonna cut bits off yeah to make it a little bit more in line with the end surfer bring it round like that you can see how I've taken that up to the edge and we'll blend this edge in shortly but what I do is I'm going to take the top off here yeah and I've got to take this edge round here what it's done we'll be left with the perfect profile of the hill right let me get Adam

and now that's done as you can see it's really started to come together yeah simple cut round and then with a blade just coming along and sort of quit your flat with my pieces yeah cutting the wedges out like that very simply done yeah lovely technique and at the same time I've cut into some of these top pieces as well just to change them up so they're not just all perfectly five mil but we've got some edges that are sticking out here and they're quite sharp okay so what I wanna do is very quickly just come along with a blade yeah and sort of bevel these down a bit yeah I don't have to get all of them just the most prominent ones okay just so it doesn't look like it's a load five mil foam mat just been snap okay unlike say you don't need to do all of them just the prominent ones okay now when you reach a point where you're struggling because of where they are and the angle and all that sort of stuff swap over go to something like a sanding block or something like that because you can just come along yeah and all the edges you'll get fit to the sanding block will come off because that's the sanding block yeah some people work just as well yeah but this will give you a more natural edge so you've either got some paper or blade but either way just take those sharp edges off okay so I'll get cracked on with the last few bits on this it's almost done there's only a few others so I'll get cracked on with that and then I'll bring it back

you and with the sanding done yeah we have got our basic shop shape of our rock yeah all done so as you can see there you go we've got some beautiful layers on that they look realistic now but we do have a lot of gaps okay and gaps need filling so what do we fill them with filler yeah yeah so filler joint compound all that sort of stuff for information down below yeah what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna get this I'm gonna get it on my fingers I'm just gonna spread it round it I've also got a hogs hairbrush okay and I'm going to use this to just sort of get it in the corners and all I'm trying to do is just seal it into one simple piece now arms need to be pulled up because I'm gonna get my fingers wet and sticky it's gonna get a bit messy but then again that's half the fun isn't it yeah so grab a filler yeah she just grub in a wedge and although the field isn't going to come along and I'm looking where I've got gaps and I'm just filling gaps yeah yeah this is gonna help it all join together yeah it'll help it give it more of a rock texture look we have the important thing is you really do push this fill it in yeah don't leave it as big blobs on the surface yeah so serve I show you that that's right it's looking like right now and obviously I believe this till the later stage but I'll do very quickly so you can see what I'm doing got on the brush and all I'm going to do with my brush is whenever I see it sort of like it goes sort of see there where my fingers have made it smooth in the hollow yeah all I'm going to do is with my brush come in and just dig some of that out yeah just to get that layered look back again and like say there's a second time as you push it out and manipulate it in that sort of stuff what you also get is to see how it's starting to take this people yeah so that's my next job just forcing the filler all over this clean up the excess and give it a little bit of a Stickley look yeah and if I do that it'll look beautiful so I'm gonna crack on with that and I'll bring that back when it's done


so that's the filler stage done and as you can see yeah it is looking awesome I filled in all those gaps I've broken up the smooth bits you know just simply going in if you go longer to tunnel I along with the lines what you get is you get stretched like streaks in in the filler which really work with the piece yeah so yeah just clean the filler off get your definition done and then you know it really does come together now the final thing I want to do and I'm doing this while the fill is still wet I should really wait till it dries but you're okay is I've got some two sorts of grit yeah a medium one and a fine one I've got some PVA on a bit of foam there and I'm just gonna grab my brush I'm just gonna brush the base yeah with some PVA and I'm gonna sprinkle some grit on I should be doing this on newspaper and that sort of stuff but you know me yeah so very simply grab some laughter yeah around there some of that doesn't have to be everywhere on this is gonna get painted and flopped anyway yeah give that a bit of a rush off yeah I don't want too much of that on the rocks and then at the same time yeah just at the top here go a bit a bit that PVA and just where it's sort of spread out a bit yeah we're going to use it to break this up one of the key things that I'm trying to do here is my join line between that flat butt back piece and one before I'm trying to break that up a little yeah sort of hide that away most of the place I've managed to sand it fill it and that sort of stuff it looks okay so there are places where it's not brilliant and it is showing so by simply coming along our mill bits of sand now I can blend those out and yeah as you can see they disappear quite nicely now that will all stick down but I need to wait for this to completely dry so I'll give you some pics and then we'll come back and get it painted up yeah


so our pieces all dry now and if we take a look at the camera doesn't it look beautiful okay straight off you can see how the filler is filled in all those little gaps have blended the edges it gives us that lovely stratified look okay quick look at the top you can see all the Mike sort of crevices what I have done is very quickly after I sprinkled the sand on and it dried a bit I've gone along with my finger and I've just dragged it across this edge yeah just to redefine it now when you're putting it together remember yeah lots of little layers stack it in slopes work with your hot glue or PVA now remember because it's sort of a Goldy piggledy as we call it in Britain yeah with lots of layers and sort of things that are rocking and broke rolling what you got to do is if you're struggling to get things stuck down remember you can stick cocktail sticks in them or barbecue skewers or pins whether that's just to hold them in place while the hot glue sets or whether you want to fix them there while you PVA sets overnight no just trim them off and cut the cover over no I don't know that's what I do so that is our watchful it that is our strife I he'll done now as with all technical tutorials yet the main content is focused on the actual watch will it the technique which is the stratified Hills what we're going to be doing now is painting it up what I'll do is I'll just quickly talk you through that and do it with pictures we'll get it painted and up so you can see the finished effect so pick on the pictures the first stage is to give the rock face a solid gray coating with the dark gray it's gonna take two coats and when you do it make sure you actually do underneath the overhangs because there quite often missed after that it's time to dry brush it up with a mid-tone gray and then right up with a even lighter gray to produce that the strong highlights make sure when you're doing your dry brushing you always dry brush downwards on the slope never dry brush up and highlight underneath the rocks always dry brush down to give that natural looking rock effect after that it's time to come in with some brown cover the ground and some into the into the crevices of your rock face once that's done you can come along and you can start to watch with a re dry brush with the grey this is going over the brown and it'll make the brown seem like it's in the recesses once again start with a mid-tone and then simply take it up to your light tone once all that painting is done it's time to give it a final highlight with a a light brown this is to lighten the grass ground and just to add a little bit more natural colors onto the rocks once that's done it's time to add the flock in this case I've gone for a three tone technique with lighter flocking on the more exposed top surfaces and more darker flocking around the base where you know it would be more moisture in shade etc once the fucking's on it was time to add the clonk foliage that was done with hot glue and then so much collect some terse the final stage was to sprinkle on some coarse foam just to break the ground up a bit and give it a sealing with a 1 to 3 ratio of watered down PVA and once all those jobs are done guys you are left with this awesome looking stratified Hill now as I said in this video watch what this is about the the mountain technique so it's about laying the foam shaping the phone fixing it but filler technique the stippling the strikes yeah but we've taken it up to the full finished piece so you can see the final effect now as you can see it looks awesome this is a really simple effect to do this is obviously only one half of this is a table edger if you know what I mean but that's perfectly fine you can use this techniques on standing outcrops on proper round Hills and you can do all sorts of interesting things you do rock spires but I'm saving that for a separate tutorial but to wrap it up there you go guys there is an easy way of doing stratified mountain hills yeah using just your watch put your your scraps that remain of with you or where you've been building yeah doesn't it look beautiful now guys as always if you've got any questions on this build get them down below anything you want to add to it any tips if you do these sort of things get them down below like it share it and as always guys if you do appreciate these videos consider the patron thing yeah remember it keeps the lights on the cameras rolling of me in this studio producing content for you guys and helping you with your hobby and remember patrons not only get discounts occasionally from my suppliers they also get early access to all the vids so if you want to see the vids that are coming out next they're probably already on patron and if you're not into patron yet there's a link down below to PayPal and my Amazon wishlist if you want to send a bit of cash or if you want to just buy a little gift for the studio it all helps so I will leave you with that now guys Oh links aren't that side for patron and subscription links on the other side to some cool videos rocks and all that sort of stuff and in the meantime I'll say I'll see you soon with

More from this creator:
In this technical terrain tutorial, we look at how to use our 5mm and 10mm HD foam scraps to create a layered stratified rock face on you wargaming hills. How to Support the channel and help me share my passion ... 1. Pledge $1 on Patreon - http://www.patreon.com/TheTerrainTutor

2. Donate on Paypal - https://www.paypal.me/TheTerrainTutor

3. Studio Kit List - https://amzn.to/2GcTvD4

Thanks for your support Terrainiacs! I couldn't do this without you! Terrainiacs Facebook support group - https://www.facebook.com/groups/TheTerrainTutorsTerrainiacs

Music from the free youtube library. Logo by Steven Silverwood - https://stevensilverwood.squarespace.com

TranscriptionTube is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com
You may contact the administrative operations team of TranscriptionTube with any inquiries here: Contact
You may read and review our privacy policy and terms of conditions here: Policy